Many aspects of modern Hogwarts correlate to those of modern muggle schools. Prefects, for example. Starting at age 11, so by age it fits in easily with primary school.
Hogwarts has been around for something close to 1,000 years, and undoubtedly changed greatly over that time. Picking though aspects of the school, trying to figure out which should be the same and which should be different, is hard. Because of Hogwarts's habit of reflecting muggle school, I was doing some research into early medieval universities. I liked this podcast.
Most universities where part of the Church. They were all-male, and students started at age of 14 or 15. Latin was the language of learning (That's where the term "grammar school" comes from — you need to learn…Read more >